War Powers Act


War Powers Act
War Powers Act
 
[wɔː 'paʊəz ækt], Gesetz, das den Streitkräfteeinsatz durch den Präsidenten der USA einer strengeren Kontrolle des Kongresses unterwarf, um den verfassungsrechtlichen Kriegsvollmachten der bundesstaatlichen Legislative wieder stärkere Geltung zu verschaffen; aufgrund der breiten Kritik an der vorrangig von der Exekutive initiierten amerikanischen Kriegführung in Kambodscha, Laos und Vietnam gegen das Veto Präsident R. Nixons am 7. 11. 1973 verabschiedet. Das Gesetz verpflichtet den Präsidenten, den Kongress innerhalb von 48 Stunden über die Entsendung von Truppen ins Ausland schriftlich zu informieren, und begrenzt die Dauer militärischer Einsätze ohne Zustimmung des Kongresses auf 60 Tage (verlängerbar auf 90 Tage).

Universal-Lexikon. 2012.

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